Sleep, dreams, and drug research contributions to medical sciences by Olukayode Olatunde Ogunremi

Cover of: Sleep, dreams, and drug research | Olukayode Olatunde Ogunremi

Published by University of Ilorin in Ilorin [Nigeria] .

Written in English

Read online

Places:

  • Nigeria.

Subjects:

  • Sleep -- Physiological aspects.,
  • Dreams -- Physiological aspects.,
  • Sleep -- Research -- Nigeria.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementOlakayode Olatunde Ogunremi.
SeriesThe Inaugural lectures, Inaugural lectures (University of Ilorin)
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQP425 .O34 1983
The Physical Object
Pagination32, [3] p. :
Number of Pages32
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1596973M
LC Control Number91129927

Download Sleep, dreams, and drug research

Research shows that lucid dreaming comes with a boost of activity in parts of the brain that are usually restful during sleep. Lucid dreaming is a brain state between REM sleep.

Many people experience their most vivid dreams during REM sleep; less vivid dreams occur at other times of the night. Comparative research has shown that while most mammals and birds show signs of REM sleep, reptiles and other cold-blooded animals scientists still don’t know—and probably never will—if animals dream during REM sleep, as.

Oneirology (/ ɒ n ɪ ˈ r ɒ l ə dʒ i /; from Greek ὄνειρον, oneiron, "dream"; and -λογία, -logia, "the study of") is the scientific study of t research seeks correlations between dreaming and current knowledge about the functions of the brain, as well as understanding of how the brain works during dreaming as pertains to memory formation and mental disorders.

First of all, no one is sure why we dream. During the past century, however, scientists have made significant progress in understanding the factors that influence sleep.

The cognitive approach to dreams focuses on the psychological process of memory and learning during sleep and the REM cycle. Cognitive research on dreams suggests that memory formation may begin in stage 2 and reach full peak by stages 3 and 4 (Stickgold, R., ).

The process is finalized in REM sleep. Like sleep, dreams are vulnerable to disruption from problems with mental and physical health. There are a number of conditions (as well as medications) that may affect dreams.

Research shows that good sleepers often describe their dreams as being more pleasant and joyful, while people who suffer from insomnia tend to have fewer positive emotions associated with their dreams, but whether or not a happy or sad dream means you’ll sleep better or worse still isn’t clear. • The word dream stems from the middle English word, ‘dreme’ which means joy and music • Men tend to dream more about other men, while women dream equally about men and women.

• Research has shown that during REM sleep men experience erections and women experience vaginal blood flow no matter what the content of the dream.

The whole brain is active during dreams, from the brain stem to the cortex. Most dreams occur during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep. This is part of the sleep-wake cycle and is controlled by the reticular activating system whose circuits run from Sleep brain stem through the thalamus to the cortex.

Sleep itself is a different story. Scientists have known for a while now that shorter sleep is tied to dangerous diseases, like heart disease and is mounting evidence that sleep deprivation leads to a higher risk of obesity and Alzheimer’s population studies reflect a saddening truth—the shorter your sleep, the shorter your life.

: Drug Dreams: Clinical and Research Implications of Dreams about Drugs in Drug-addicted Patients (): Colace, Claudio: Books. What Do Dreams Do For Our Health.

Studies show that dreaming is good for us. Rubin Naiman, a sleep and dream expert on the clinical faculty of the Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine, says, “Good dreaming contributes to our psychological well-being by supporting healthy memory, warding off depression, and expanding our ordinary limited consciousness into broader, spiritual realms.”.

According to another paper, which looks at the relationship between drugs and sleep more broadly, “self-reported sleep problems are highly prevalent among alcohol users with rates of. Books shelved as sleep: Why We Sleep: Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams by Matthew Walker, Sleep Smarter: 21 Essential Strategies to Sleep Your Way.

Dreams have fascinated humans from the earliest of times. Yet modern research is still struggling to understand the nature and functions of dreaming. It has been observed that sleep mentation tends to be in continuity with waking mentation but that the memory sources of dreams are significantly transformed into new expressions of past experience and current concerns.

Sleep is an essential function that protects physical and mental health in addition to enhancing overall quality of life. For decades, researchers have debated various issues regarding the functions of sleep and the effect of sleep deprivation on adults.

Healthy Sleep Habits; How Dreams Function; The Significance of Dreams; Dreams in Recovery. A newspaper advertisement describes a book that offers interpretations of dreams.

In attempting to tell readers the meaning of the symbols of their dreams, the author intends to describe the _____. According to research on sleep deprivation, a moderate amount of sleep loss _____. Sleep, Dreams, Hypnosis, and Drugs: Questions. 50 terms. Originally published in as Public Health Service publication no.

under title: Current research on sleep and dreams. Description: vii, pages ; 26 cm. Dream drug or not, one thing is for certain: DMT begs further research.

You May Like: "Kanna - The Soothing Succulent of the San People" The Future of DMT Research. Dr Rick Strassman plans to continue his DMT research at the newly-founded Cottonwood Research Foundation in New Mexico. Sleep deprivation tends to cause slower brain waves in the frontal cortex, shortened attention span, higher anxiety, impaired memory, and an unhappy mood.

Conversely, a well-rested organism tends to have improved memory and mood. Research has demonstrated that some sleep stages are more important than others in achieving restfulness. Why We Sleep By Matthew Walker (PDF/READ) Why We Sleep: Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams By Matthew Walker “Why We Sleep is an important and fascinating book Walker taught me a lot about this basic activity that every person on Earth needs.

I suspect his book will do the same for you.” —Bill Gates A New York Times bestseller and international sensation, this “stimulating and. the dreams Patients with both idiopathic and PTSD-associat-ed nightmares have increased phasic R sleep activity, decreased total sleep time, increased number and duration of nocturnal awakenings, decreased slow wave sleep, and increased pe-riodic leg movements during both R and NREM (N) sleep.

Rubin Naiman, PhD, is a psychologist, clinical assistant professor of medicine and the sleep and dream specialist at the University of Arizona Andrew Weil Center for Integrative Medicine, directed by Andrew Weil, MD. By merging scientific with psychological and spiritual approaches, Dr.

Naiman has become a leader in the development of integrative approaches to sleep health. 1emembering Dreams R 3 Marijuana and the Brain 5 David Mahoney Prize 8king the Secrets Unloc. of Coma. Summer Vol. 20, No. ON THE BRAIN. the harvard mahoney neuroscience institute letter.

period between light sleep and the deeper, more restorative sleep achieved in stage four. The fifth stage is REM sleep, which accounts for. Research shows that a chronic lack of sleep, or getting poor quality sleep, increases the risk of disorders including high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, depression, and obesity.

Sleep is a complex and dynamic process that affects how you function in ways scientists are now beginning to understand. was in a dream of being squirted by someone; an indirect incorporation was seen in a dream of a leaky roof. A very extensively explored experimental manip-ulation, pioneered by Dement, is the deprivation of REM sleep, often referred to as dream deprivation in the early days of sleep research when dreaming was thought to occur exclusively in REM.

AP Psychology, Chapter 3: Sleep, dreams, and drugs. STUDY. PLAY. consciousness. a person's awareness of everything that is going on around him or her at any given moment, which is used to organize behavior.

waking consciousness. state in which thoughts, feelings and sensations are clear, organized and the person feels alert. Dream Summaries Day Dreaming: When your imagination carries you away.

Daydreaming is a classified level of consciousness between sleep and wakefulness. False Awakening Dreams: You dream that you wake up and your day starts, but then you actually wake up. Lucid Dreaming: Where you realize you are dreaming during your dream, and then have the ability to control your dream and what happens inside.

Dreams, conceived as conscious experience or phenomenal states during sleep, offer an important contrast condition for theories of consciousness and the self.

Yet, although there is a wealth of empirical research on sleep and dreaming, its potential contribution to consciousness research and philosophy of mind is largely overlooked. There are some dreams you remember for all the wrong reasons. Some people have a horrific nightmare that ends up with them suddenly waking up in a sweat and checking all the doors in their home.

This happens to everyone sometimes but chronic nightmares could mean there is an underlying issue that needs investigation. Nightmares not only could be related to mental or emotional problems but.

Research agenda 1. The integration of sleep and dream study methodology with the study of functional brain exploration in vivo in psychiatric illness is an exciting and promising area of inquiry that may one day help answer the many remaining questions about the nature and function of sleep and dreams in humans, and the pathophysiology of the major psychiatric disorders.

Gr This concise overview begins with short descriptions of typical sleep patterns, the stages of sleep, and what happens in the human body during them.

A chapter on sleep deprivation follows. The chapter on disorders, such as sleepwalking and sleep Author: Andrew T. McPhee. His book, Why We Sleep: Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams, received extensive coverage in the news media.

“Sagan would be proud to know that Matthew Walker, so renowned for his research and his outreach, has received Wonderfest’s Sagan Prize for ,” said Tucker Hiatt, the organization’s executive director.

Español. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is reminding parents and caregivers not to put babies in sleep positioners. These products—sometimes also called “nests” or “anti-roll.

Welcome to the Sleep Well, the personal site of Dr. William C. Dement, M.D., Ph.D., the world's leading authority on sleep, sleep disorders, and the dangers of sleep is the director and founder of the Stanford University Sleep Disorders Clinic and Research Center, the world's first sleep disorders center.

Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books. My library. 45/60 mg. Throughout the nite should help sleep and dreams also conidine is good for bad had no sleep capabilities. I use it in conjuction with bipolor with lots of sleep.

In the study of dreams, a major distinction has been drawn between REM and NREM sleep. Until recently, virtually all dream research focused on REM sleep, and indeed, dreams are prevalent during REM.

In a recent review of 29 REM and 33 NREM recall studies, Nielsen reported an average REM dream recall rate of %. Importantly, however, he also. Sleep cycle by sleep cycle, REM sleep helps construct vast associative networks of information within the brain. REM sleep can even take a step back, so to speak, and divine overarching insights and gist: something akin to general knowledge—that is, what a collection of information means as a whole, not just an inert back catalogue of facts.

The book also explains the power of circadian rhythms, the therapeutic importance of Rapid Eye Movement (REM) dream sleep, and how alcohol, caffeine, pharmaceutical stimulants and sedatives disrupt sleep cycles and degrade the quality of brain waves that promote the rich slumber that wards off illness.

And one company at least has developed a completely new type of drug that not only induces sleep, but also increases the dream phase, consolidating memory and improving one’s sense of wellbeing.In the late s, the popular reference text, An Universal Etymological English Dictionary, first published by Nathan Bailey in and reprinted throughdefined a nightmare as a “disease when a man in his sleep supposes he has a great weight laying upon him.” Although that definition doesn’t surface often today, nightmares are still considered to be frightening dreams that.Mark Freeman, PhD, who teaches a course on dream interpretation and uses dreams in personal counseling at Rollins College in Winter Park, Fla., suggests looking at the book called, A Dictionary of.

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